Southern Chesapeake Bay region, Virginia, United States of America
Knossos, Crete
Nepal or Tibet, 11th–12th century
Namikawa Yasuyuki
Paolo Uccello
Paris, 1868, Oil on canvas, 111 x 70 cm
25th Dynasty, Egypt
Tang Dynasty Horse from Henan Province, China


Crondall Hoard

Gold thrymsas, c.12mm diameter
AD 640
Hampshire, England

The Crondall Hoard remains the most important evidence for the start of English coinage. The hoard was buried sometime before AD 650 and includes the earliest Anglo-Saxon coins. It remains the most important body of evidence for early Anglo-Saxon coinage, marking the reintroduction of coinage into Britain two centuries after the abandonment of the province by the Romans.

Rendered of gold thrymas, they used the Merovingian Gaul as a model, while also looking back to Roman for inspiration. The designs on the coins are remarkably varied and often indicate royal or church power. The English coins were mostly struck by kings and (probably) bishops from London and Kent. Three of the coins were unofficial issues made to look like coins. The hoard originally also contained some coin blanks and one forgery. Of the 98 gold coins in the hoard some came from the Continent, for example from Italy and France/Netherlands, but no less than 73 are English.

Discovered in 1828 in Crondall, Hampshire, by Charles Lefroy, the coins were bought for the Ashmolean in 1944 as a memorial to Sir Arthur Evans.